Flood is one of the most common natural disasters. Flood is an overflow of water, from reservoirs, rivers or any water body, over the adjacent lands nearby. Floods generally occur due to excessive rainfall of high intensity for a long time. Many factors lead to the occurrence of a flood.
We are providing two essay samples for students of class 5 on the topic ‘Flood’ for reference.
Short Essay on Flood of 100 Words
Flood means the overflow of water over an extensive land area for several days continuously. Flood is associated with rivers and is a result of the accumulation of large volumes of water coming out of the rivers. The role of human activities also plays an essential role in the occurrence of floods.
There are various types of floods. River floods refer to overflow of a river due to excessive rainfall. Coastal floods are common in coastal areas and occur at times of a storm. Local water-logged floods occur due to low maintenance of the local drainage system and often occur in urban areas.
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Long Essay on Flood of 150 Words
Flood is an environmental disaster and is mostly associated with torrential rainfall over a long period. Floods occur in the low-lying plains adjacent to a river or a water body during monsoon. This is a seasonal phenomenon. People living in flood-prone areas are often at high risk.
The primary natural factors causing flood are high intensity and long duration of rainfall and meandering courses of rivers. Besides, deforestation, faulty agricultural practices and blockage of the natural flow of the river are major human-made causes of flood. All these factors work together and cause significant loss to lands and people living there.
Floods cause massive damage to life and property. People living in flood-prone areas get homeless as a result of devastating floods. Agricultural lands are washed away. Floods often disrupt transport and communication. Floods distribute a large amount of alluvial deposits on the adjacent areas, which benefit the local people.
10 Lines on Flood in English
- Flood is the overflow of water from a river or water body over large areas.
- Flood affected areas remain water-logged for several days.
- Flood is a natural disaster which causes great loss to life and property, mainly houses, buildings and agricultural lands.
- Floods occur as a result of excessive rainfall and an after effect of a cyclone.
- It is an annual phenomenon in areas where it is expected.
- The water from rivers break the river banks and floods the adjacent low-lying areas.
- After the floodwater subsides, a massive amount of alluvial sediments is deposited in these areas.
- Urban floods occur as a result of low maintenance of the sewage system and cause troubles in transport, communication and power cuts.
- The role of government is vital in reducing the effects of flood in the flood-prone areas.
- Early warning system and precautions must be implemented to save the lives of people living in such areas.
Frequently Asked Questions on Flood Essay
Question: What causes floods?
Answer: Torrential rainfall for a long time causes flood. As a result, the volume of river water increases which breaks the river banks and flows all over adjacent lands.
Question: What are the man-made factors causing floods?
Answer: Deforestation, rapid urbanisation and faulty agricultural practices are major man-made causes of flood.
Question: How to prevent floods?
Answer: Floods cannot be prevented, but safety measures can be taken to reduce the risks, like, early warning systems and better management of river banks. The government should take measures for provision of food, shelter and financial assurance for the distressed people.